284 steps playlist


284 steps of classical theatrical dancing make up the standard language of ballet.

In this project, you can see and listen to Ken Ludden, Director of the Margot Fonteyn Academy of Ballet, teaching and explaining the steps and talking about the use or history how they came about.

He learned the steps with Margaret Craske initially. Many of 20th century’s greatest dancers used to take class with Margaret Craske in New York. Craske learned about this knowledge that took hundreds of years to be developed from Enricho Cecchetti, while she was dancing with the Ballets Russes.

Dame Margot Fonteyn, Rudolf Nurejew, Alicia Alonso, Merce Cunningham, Anna Sokolow, José Limón – were all taking class with Craske. At Fonteyn Academy, Ludden still teaches all 284 steps and is probably the last person alive in 2022, who does teach them on a daily basis.

The purpose of „284 steps“ project is to record all 284 steps (and make them available) for future generations in case no one is around to teach them anymore.

„284 steps – step by step“ playlist with hundreds of more films to come over time:



The “284 steps” project phase in 2022 is made possible through the support by NATIONALE PERFORMANCE NETZ – STEPPING OUT, with funds from the Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media within the program NEUSTART KULTUR. Support Program Dance.

More information about Margot Fonteyn Academy of Ballet can be found on https://www.mfab.org/



2022 (erste Ergebnisse der Pilotphase), das Projekt ist mehrjährig angelegt

Kontext/ Projektförderung/ Initiator/ Auftraggeber
Pilotphase 2022 unterstützt durch das NATIONALE PERFORMANCE NETZ – STEPPING OUT, gefördert von der Beauftragten der Bundesregierung für Kultur und Medien im Rahmen der Initiative NEUSTART KULTUR. Hilfsprogramm Tanz.


Ken Ludden (Projektpartner)
Pipo Tafel (Projektleitung)
Lukas Nürnberg (Kamera Zagreb)
Carina Musitowski (Website)

Pipo Tafel


Prescott (Arizona)