284 steps

Videodokumentation zum klassischen Tanzerbe
Konzeption, Produktion, Projektleitung, Postproduktion

seit 2022

Videodokumentation zum klassischen Tanzerbe
Konzeption, Produktion, Projektleitung, Postproduktion

seit 2022

The purpose of „284 steps“ project is to record all 284 steps of classical theatrical dancing (and make them available) for future generations in case no one else is around any longer to teach them.

American dancer, choreographer and director of Margot Fonteyn Academy of Ballet Ken Ludden (born 1952) was taking class with Margaret Craske and learned about the approach that there are 284 steps of classical theatrical dancing that make up the standard language of ballet.

It took hundreds of years for this knowledge to be developed. Margaret Craske had been dancing with the Ballets Russes, where she had taken class with Enricho Cecchetti. She moved to the United States and was teaching internationally until she was over 90 years old. Dame Margot Fonteyn, Rudolf Nurejew, Alicia Alonso, Merce Cunningham, Anna Sokolow, José Limón were all taking class with Craske.

Margaret Craske mentioned in one of her classes that there are 284 different steps in the classes she teaches. In 2023, Ken Ludden is probably the last person on the planet still passing on this knowledge. All of the steps are used in the classes he still teaches on an almost daily basis.

You can see and listen to Ken Ludden teaching and explaining the steps and talking about the use or history how they came about. A Video playlist called „284 steps – step by step“ (CLICK HERE or see the video below) shows the recordings already published until today. We are recording the steps in alphabetical order.


Introductory Films about 284 steps and the production

284 steps Video Playlist (alle Filme)

Choose in the top left of the video window below what film to watch

Foto Gallerie


Konzept, Produktion, Projektleitung, Postproduktion - Pipo Tafel
Projektpartner - Ken Ludden
Kamera Zagreb - Lukas Nürnberg
Website - Carina Musitowski


1. öffentliche Präsentation der Pilotphase: 9.7.2022
Online-Veröffentlichung neuer 284 steps-Filme:
fortlaufend, seit Dezember 2022 (mehrjähriges Projekt)


Prescott (USA), Zagreb (Kroatien), Köln, Düsseldorf


Pilotphase: Dezember 2021 - Juni 2023


Pilotphase 2022 unterstützt durch das NATIONALE PERFORMANCE NETZ – STEPPING OUT, gefördert von der Beauftragten der Bundesregierung für Kultur und Medien im Rahmen der Initiative NEUSTART KULTUR. Hilfsprogramm Tanz.